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When information is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized, the source of that information must be documented. Otherwise, you are plagiarizing. To help you in avoiding plagiarism, review this tutorial to learn about academic integrity.
In most cases that standard citation style for citing sources used in academic business writing is the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Check with your instructor to see if they have a preference for a different citation style.
Annual Report on a company's website
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. (2019). Annual Report. Retrieved from:
In-Text Citation → (Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce [CIBC], 2019)
*Note: By placing [CIBC] in brackets as a shortened version, you can use shortened company name and date in the remainder
of your paper - eg. (CIBC, 2019)
Annual Report retrieved from a database or collection
Shopify Inc. (2020, May 6). Management's Discussion and Analysis. Retrieved from SEDAR:
In-Text Citation → (Shopify Inc., 2020)
Press Releases are announcements, and also referred to as media releases or news releases.
A press release has several parts:
Companies often have a company news centre on their corporate website.
Shopify Inc. (2020, April 1). Shopify Provides Business Update Relating to COVID-19
[Press release]. Retrieved from
In-text citation → (Shopify Inc., 2020)
Date revised: 17-May-2020