Citing Sources: Psychology

When information is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized, the source of that information must be documented. Otherwise, you are guilty of plagiarism. To help you in avoiding plagiarism, see this tutorial.

Various standards have been created for citing sources. The recommended style manual for Psychology is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (a copy of the 6th ed. is available in the Reference Collection at BF76.7.P83 2010 and at the Information Desk for in-library use; two copies are available in the Stacks and can be signed out). The Section dealing with Electronic Media (the APA Style Guide to Electronic References) is available online and as a separate publication in the Reference Collection at BF76.7.A63 2007, at the Information Desk, and in the Stacks on the Upper Level.

Two brief guides available in the Reference Collection may be helpful:

  • Concise Rules of APA Style
    REF: BF76.7.C66 2010
  • What Every Student Should Know About Citing Sources with APA Documentation
    REF: BF76.7.A55 2010

The American Psychological Association has a Basics of APA Style Tutorial (21 min.)

In addition, examples of APA style (sixth ed.) can be found on the Web at:

APA Style Essentials (from D. Degelman, Vanguard University of Southern California)
Includes a link to a complete article formatted according to APA Style, as well as a downloadable Microsoft Word template of an APA style paper.

APA Formating and Style Guide (from Purdue University Online Writing Lab)

Note: RefWorks is a web-based reference management tool which you can use to create and format bibliographies using APA (and other) citation styles.

Created by: Betty Jeffery, B.A., M.L.S.
Former Instruction & Education Services Librarian
Date Created: 28-August-2000
Date Revised: 29-September-2014