Journal Articles: Paramedicine

The most current research on any academic topic is usually found in journal articles. Journal articles typically provide information on specific research, events, or discoveries in a particular field. Here are some specific journal titles for the field of paramedicine:

Use databases to find articles on a particular topic.

To find journal articles on your topic, access databases through the Robertson Library website:

Title Description
CINAHL The Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) provides indexing for 3,000+ journals from the fields of nursing, physical therapy, nutrition, occupational therapy, and other allied health fields. Nursing topics include clinical practice, nursing education and teaching, nursing research, patient care, health promotion, patient education, and rehabilitation. Contains more than 2.3 million records dating back to 1981.
Cochrane Library (free within Atlantic Provinces)Cochrane Library (proxied for UPEI users outside of region)

As of 2019, the entire PEI community can use Cochrane for free, as long as you connect using a device with an IP address that "geolocates" within the 4 Atlantic provinces, see further explanation below.

What is The Cochrane Library?

The Cochrane Library EAL (Enhanced Access License) is a collection of databases that contain different types of high-quality, independent evidence to inform healthcare decision-making.  It is owned by Cochrane and published by John Wiley & Sons.

The key user groups of the Cochrane Library – those that use the content to inform healthcare decisions – are clinicians and healthcare workers, researchers (including information specialists and guideline developers), students, consumers (including patients and carers), and policy-makers.

The Library includes the following:

Editorials aim to stimulate discussion and ideas around the development of evidence synthesis to promote good decision-making in clinical care and health policy. The Editor in Chief may commission editorials linked to Cochrane Reviews of interest or on topics likely to be of interest to a broad readership.

  • The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) is a highly concentrated source of reports of randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials.  In addition to bibliographic details (author, title, source, year, etc.) CENTRAL records often include an abstract (a summary of the article). They do not contain the full text of the article.
  • Cochrane Clinical Answers (CCAs) provide a readable, digestible, clinically-focused entry point to rigorous research from Cochrane Reviews. They are designed to be actionable and to inform point-of-care decision-making.  Each CCA contains a clinical question, a short answer, and data for the outcomes from the Cochrane Review deemed most relevant to practising healthcare professionals, our target audience.  The evidence is displayed in a user-friendly tabulated format that includes narratives, data, and links to graphics.  Cochrane Clinical Answers were developed by Cochrane Innovations and Wiley.

Who Has Access and How Does it Work?

All residents of the four Atlantic provinces have access.  If they are coming in from an Atlantic region IP, they get direct access ( with no need to login or authenticate. If they are coming in from outside of the region, they need to authenticate through their home institution (CAUL-CBUA institution, a provincial health authority, the IWK, or the public library system in their province).  Note that they can search The Cochrane Library without authenticating, but if they want to access the fulltext of the articles, they will need to authenticate.

Of note, many ISPs who service the Atlantic Region (Bell, Rogers, Telus, Koodoo, etc.) randomly assign their Atlantic Region customers IPs from Quebec, so on some days when you access the Internet at home, you may have an IP from one of the Atlantic provinces and you’ll have no problem accessing The Cochrane Library fulltext content, and one other days The Cochrane Library may say that you need to login to get to the fulltext content. This is likely because your ISP has assigned you an IP from Quebec that day.  So, to access Cochrane, you’ll need to authenticate. Unfortunately, there is no way to control what IP you get on any particular day from your ISP.  I plan to contact ISPs in the region to discuss this practice and the implications for these regional access deals; although I’m not sure if they will change their current practice.

A way to check what IP you’ve been assigned that day, and to what geographic area it resolves, you can go to an IP geolocation resolver to check. The one most akin to what Wiley will resolve the address to is

More information at the CAUL website

How to Use Cochrane Library

Health Evidence

Search for access to 3,853 quality-rated systematic reviews evaluating the effectiveness of public health interventions. We search the published literature and compile public health relevant reviews -- eliminating your need to search and screen individual databases. Use of the database requires registration which is free.

MEDLINE (via EBSCOhost) Provides authoritative medical information on medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and preclinical sciences.
Public Health +

Public Health + comes to you via the McMaster Health Knowledge Refinery. Every article from over 120 medical and allied health academic journals is critically appraised to identify those that are methodologically sound. Articles that pass this process are rated (maximum 7) by clinicians for relevance and newsworthiness, and are then sent to this website. The articles are updated weekly and a searchable archive is kept on this website.

PubMed Comprises over 21 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals & online books.

RxFiles is an academic detailing program providing objective, comparative drug information to clinicians.  RxFiles also includes newsletter reviews, Q&As, trial summaries, and up-to-date drug comparison charts.  [description from database website]

RxFilesPLUS App Instructions (sign-in with UPEI credentials required)



RxTx, formerly e-CPS, is the online version of the Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties plus other handbooks.

Both professional information as well as patient information is provided for medications, according to Canadian regulations and standards.

For users wanting to use the mobile application, the UPEI organizational code is: 0007249

From the publisher's website:

RxTx integrates the content from our drug and therapeutic products into one convenient resource along with other valuable external references.

The sources included in RxTx are: CPSCTCCTMA and CPMA (formerly e-Therapeutics+ Complete)

Sage Research Methods Foundations

SAGE Research Methods Foundations is a large series of extended articles/short books edited by Paul Atkinson, Sara Delamont, Alexandru Cernat, Joseph W. Sakshaug & Richard A. Williams. It is the perfect companion for novice researchers and provides bite-size, introductory overviews to all the major methods topics to help get you on your way. The entries give introductory overviews to major research methods, covering their history, development and critical debates surrounding them. 

Some examples of topics covered include:

  • Item Response Theory
  • Analysing Administrative Data
  • Case-Based Methods
  • Case Study
  • Content Analysis, Quantitative
  • Critical Discourse Analysis
  • Agent Based Models
  • Analysis of Proportions
  • Analysis of Rare Events
  • Archiving Qualitative Data
  • Arts-Based Research
  • Autobiography
  • Autoethnography
  • Bayesian Statistics
  • Bibliometric Indicators


See also: SRM Videos: Practical Research and Academic Skills, SRM main page with Core information

SAGE Research Methods Video: Practical Research and Academic Skills

This collection of over 450 streaming videos on the SAGE Research Methods platform offers support on the practical skills that you need to successfully complete your research. Key areas such as writing a research proposal, planning and designing a research project, and securing ethical approval are explicitly covered. Practical skills such as project management, writing for publication, presenting work, and building networks are also presented through helpful explanatory videos. This video collection will give you the confidence to successfully navigate your research, take responsibility for your professional development and identify the transferable skills needed to progress your careers.

Topics covered in the videos include:

  • Project Management
  • Writing a research proposal
  • Securing ethical approval
  • Writing for publication
  • Computer applications
  • Applied research
  • Research careers & building networks
  • Presenting at conferences
  • Building Networks
  • and many more topics

There are more research methods videos in the SRM Core package


Scopus provides broad indexing and citation coverage of academic journals, books and conference proceedings published worldwide. Delivering a comprehensive overview ofresearch output in the fields of science, engineering, medicine, social sciences, and arts and humanities, Scopus features smart tools to track, analyze and visualize research. Access the Elsevier Scopus guide for information about searching. 

Coming soon: the UPEI librarians are developing a own localized scopus advanced search tips guide.

If you want to search for publications by UPEI authors, you can add these pieces to your Advanced search:

AF-ID ( "University of Prince Edward Island"   60007655 )   = UPEI (except AVC)

AF-ID("University of Prince Edward Island Atlantic Veterinary College" 60005845) = Atlantic Veterinary College