Citing Sources: Environmental Studies

When information is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized, the source of that information must be documented. Otherwise, you are guilty of plagiarism. This tutorial provides information on avoiding plagiarism.

Various standards have been created for citing sources. Check with your professor if you are not certain which style to use.

APA Style is commonly used in the social sciences. It is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The Section called the APA Style Guide to Electronic References is available online, as well as, in print from the Information Desk. Following is a selection of resources for APA Style:

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.)
This manual is edited by The Modern Language Association of America.
Information Desk: LB2369.G53 2009

MLA Formatting and Style Guide (Purdue University Online Writing Lab - OWL)

Scientific Style and Format : the CSE Manual
This manual from the Council of Science Editors contains scientific publication style and format guidelines for journals, books, and other publications.
Reference: QH304.C33 2006
Citing Sources (The Owens Library at Northwest Missouri State University)
Covers APA, Chicago, MLA, CSE, and Turabian styles and includes examples of citing fulltext articles from databases.


Note: RefWorks is a web-based citation management tool you can use to create and format bibliographies using APA, CSE, and other citation styles.

Compiled by: Dawn Hooper, B.Sc., M.L.S.
Former Data & Research Services Librarian
Date Revised: 10-September-2015

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