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Deciding whether you have a good topic or not is not always straightforward. Your topic could be very interesting but there just isn't enough research available on that topic. This doesn't mean your topic is bad, it just means that it is not the right topic for this paper or project.
If you have too many results, and your search is bringing up mostly irrelevant sources, your topic is too general.
Here is an example of a general topic and how you can change it:
The topic of “sports journalism” is too general. You can first tell this because you can’t make a question from your topic. You will need to add a problem or question to make it less general.
If you are not getting any results, and your search does not have any issues like spelling errors in it, then there might not be any research on this topic yet!
If you are not getting a lot of results, your topic might be too specific. That means that there just hasn't been a lot of research done on that topic.
For example, your topic may be about black people in Prince Edward Island who have experienced racism working fast-food jobs, but you can’t find anything on that topic. Then, you might need to broaden your search.
Sometimes you will need to go through a few searches to refine your topic. Sometimes you may need to change multiple parts of your topic, depending on what research exists out there. This is a normal process! Research is not always straight-forward.
If you need help with your research topic, contact your subject librarian or your professor!