Online Reference Sources (Dictionaries, etc.)

Online Reference Resources

Collections | Dictionary Collections | Specialized Subject Dictionaries | Thesauri | Quotations | Encyclopedias | Directories | Journal Abbreviations | Flags | Maps/Atlases | Travel | Handbooks etc. | Postal Codes | Telephone Directories | Converters/Calendars/Tables etc. | Employment/Career | Consumer Information

This page provides links to some of the many available online reference tools. The "Collections" listed below will lead to a vast array of resources; both general and specialized. Other sections contain selected resources which may provide you with needed information. Robertson Library has many other reference resources in various formats which may meet your informational needs. They can be found by searching the online Catalogue; browsing the Reference section on the Main Level; or by seeking assistance from the staff at the Service Desk in person, by phone (902-566-0583). Reference resources are also included in Robertson Library's subject Subject Research Guides.


Collections: - access complete electronic versions of the Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition; The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition; Roget's II: The New Thesaurus, Third Edition; Simpson's Contemporary Quotations; and The American Heritage Book of English Usage. Browse by the table of contents or index or search by keyword.

Internet Public Library Reference Center - a compilation of electronic "standard general reference aids": almanacs, calculation and conversion tools, calendars, U. S. Census data, dictionaries, encyclopedias, geneology, news, quotations, style and writing guides, telephone number sources, etc. Annotations are included which describe all sources.

Martindale's "The Reference Desk" - includes both general and specialized reference tools covering many subject areas (Biology, Chemistry, Engineering, Entertainment and Arts, International Business, etc.).

Dictionary Collections:
OneLook Dictionaries - search more than 500 general and specialized English dictionaries simultaneously, or select the ones you want to search.

A Web of On-line Dictionaries - more that 800 dictionaries of over 150 different languages.


Specialized Subject Dictionaries:
Canadian Who's Who on the World Wide Web - 1997 - from University of Toronto Press - search the biographies of more than 15,000 prominent Canadians by name, birth date, city, or fulltext.

Classical Dictionary - terms from Classical Mythology and Art - from the Beazley Archive at Oxford

Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online - “The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online provides access to the fourteen volumes already in print. The biographies are fully searchable by keyword and volumes 2, 4-8, and 11-14 are accessible by identity/profession and volumes 2, 5-8, and 11-14 are accessible by geographic region.”

Dictionary of Newfoundland English Online - published by the University of Toronto Press.

French-English Dictionary - contains about 75,000 terms - from ARTFL.

Glossary of Musical Terms - from "the classical music website".

The Holy Bible, King James Version - concordance as well as full text - from the University of Virginia.

Lexicons of Early Modern English (LEME) - "LEME searches and displays word-entries from monolingual English dictionaries, bilingual lexicons, technical vocabularies, and other encyclopedic-lexical works,1480-1702." (University of Toronto)

LOGOS Dictionary - multilingual on-line dictionary containing more than 7 million words in the database. - "This straightforward site sets out to define every computer-related term clearly and concisely, and it succeeds. We also like the indispensable chart "The Speed of...," which makes sense out of all that confusing data-rate terminology, and the shockingly long guide to every file format in the world. Who knew there were so many? Bookmarking this site will help you cut through the confusion of life in front of a computer." - PC Magazine


Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus - pulldown "Dictionary" at the top to select the Thesaurus instead.

Roget's II : The New Thesaurus - 3rd ed. - contains 35,000 synonyms and over 250,000 cross-references.


Bartlett's Book of Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. - “contains over 11,000 searchable quotations”.

Simpson's Contemporary Quotations - provides over 10,000 quotes from over 4000 sources.


The Canadian Encyclopedia Online - full text of the The Canadian Encyclopedia, provided by the foundation Historica.

Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. - contains nearly 51,000 entries and “more than 80,000 hypertext cross-references”.

Encyclopaedia Britannica - “search the 32-volume Encyclopaedia Britannica, plus: Britannica’s Student and Concise encyclopedias, the Web’s best sites, multimedia, magazines, and more.”

ENCYCLOPEDIA.COM- “provides users with more than 57,000 frequently updated articles from the Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Each article is enhanced with links to newspaper and magazine articles as well as pictures and maps - all provided by eLibrary.”


America's Best Colleges - current information and rankings of U.S. Colleges and Universities - from U.S. News and World Report's America's Best Colleges.

Associations on the Net -a collection of over 1100 Internet sites providing information about a wide variety of professional and trade associations, cultural and art organizations, political parties and advocacy groups, labor unions, academic societies, and research institutions - American, Canadian and International - from the Internet Public Library.

Bibliomania - includes fully searchable full-text editions of classic works of fiction, non-fiction, poetry, and a few reference titles. The complete plays of Shakespeare are featured, as well as major titles from Austen, Dickens, Twain, Freud, Benjamin Franklin, Vatsyayana, and many others. New titles are being added.

Canadian ISBN Publishers' Directory - lists all publishers registered with the Canadian ISBN Agency and provides contact information - from the National Library of Canada.

The Directory of Canadian Universities - from the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.

Directory of Diplomatic Representatives in Canada - search by country - also includes links to listings of representatives abroad - from Array Development. listings of over 53,000 graduate school programs.

The Nobel e-Museum - “ contains information on all 770 Prize Winners to date. Here you get to know the Prize Winners through Nobel Lectures, interviews, speeches, articles, and much more.” - The Internet Directory of Publications - directory of over 150,000 magazines, journals, newsletters, and other periodicals from around the world - includes publication information, publisher addresses, etc. - listings for thousands of study abroad programs in more than 100 countries throughout the world - also find hundreds of links to study abroad program home pages and related information.


Journal Abbreviations:
ISI Journal Abbreviations Index - lists journal abbreviations and the full journal title for journals indexed by ISI products, such as the Web of Science (from Caltech).

The National Library of Medicine's PubMed includes a journal browser that can be searched by the full journal title, by ISSN, or MEDLINE abbreviation.


World Flag Database - provides country, provinces, armed forces and Royal family/Vice-Regal maps for each country.


Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-language: Atlas of Canada - "The Atlas of Canada Web site will provide the most interesting, dynamic and comprehensive collection of maps and related information about Canada available anywhere on the Internet, with effective and intuitive tools for users to access them."

How Far is it? - determine the distances between places - includes maps.

Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection - collection of online maps of general interest ordered geographically - directions for re-sizing and printing the maps, maps of special interest, historical maps, directory of city maps around the world, and links to other map collections.


Excite travel - country and city travel information.

World Travel - online version of the "World Travel Guide" - from Columbus Press.


Handbooks, etc.:
Canada's Geographical Names - "an interactive and authoritative source of over 350,000 official and formerly official geographical names in Canada....Users can perform queries to obtain basic locational information and generate simple sketch maps which show general locations of selected features."

The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. - online version of this classic reference book. Gives briefly "the principal requirements of plain English style and concentrates attention on the rules of usage and principles of composition most commonly violated."

eNature Fieldguides - fieldguides to over 5,500 North American plants and animals from the National Wildlife Federation.

Gray's Anatomy - “'s edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body features 1,247 vibrant engravings - many in color - from the classic 1918 publication, as well as a subject index with 13,000 entries.”

How Stuff Works by Marshall Brain - from BYG Publishing, Inc.

Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, 17th edition - contains information on diseases, diagnosis, treatment and prevention for health professionals.

World Factbook - from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Data for more than 260 countries. Includes the country map and flag, geographic, population, government, economic, communication, transportation, military, and transnational issue information.


Postal Codes:
Canada Post - Postal Code Lookup

United States Postal Service - Zip Code Look-up


Telephone Directories:

Canada411 - offers searches by person, by business, and by toll-free numbers. - includes both personal and business listings - includes both personal and business listings - includes both personal and business listings - search for toll free numbers

InfoSpace - offers white and yellow pages, U.S., Canada, and International.

BigYellow - U.S. yellow pages

Telephone Directories on the Web - index of online phone books, with over 350 links to Yellow Pages, White Pages, Business Directories, Email Addresses and Fax Listings from over 150 countries.


Converters/Calendars/Tables etc.:
Acronym Finder - "a searchable database of more than 186,000 abbreviations and acronyms about computers, technology, telecommunications, and military acronyms and abbreviations. It is only designed to search for and expand acronyms and abbreviations."

Calculators On-line Center - collection of more than 17,000 calculators/converters for a vast array of disciplines and measurements.

Calendar - gives current calendar with search available for any years and month.

Common Weights and Measures

Daily Noon Rates - Bank of Canada site which provides the daily exchange rates for major currencies and the Canadian dollar. Published every business day at approximately 1 p.m. EST.

Library of Congress Classification outline - the classification system used at Robertson Library.

Universal Currency Converter

WebElements Periodic Table - includes information on the elements and a link to a printable version of the periodic table.

World Clock - Time Zones - current time and date given for all countries and time zones.


UPEI's Human Resources - student, staff, and faculty job listings and other information.

Atlantic Canada Careers - “This site specializes in career opportunities in Atlantic Canada, listed by skill category and province.”

Dave's ESL Cafe - links to ESL teaching jobs around the world.

Human Resources Development Canada - job bank: search by province or links to outside Canada.

Jobboom : Top 100 Internet Sites for Learning and Employment - from Human Resources Development Canada. Directory of selected annotated web sites. Mainly Canadian content.

Job Futures - from HRDC- overviews of the labour market and general economic trends; detailed information on all occupational groups and post-secondary fields of study; current and future labour market conditions; and prospects for finding work in the Canadian workforce. Much of this information is also in print and located in the Government Documents Section: MP43-181. - employment site from author of What Color is Your Parachute, Dick Bolles.

JobsPEI - free registration for employers and job seekers; maintained by PEI Government. - large site of employment related information and job banks; can search globally or choose Canadian site.

Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2002-03 Edition - from the U.S. Department of Labor; information includes description of what workers do on the job, working conditions, training and education needed, and expected job prospects.

Public Service Commission of Canada - recruitment and information site for those wishing to work for the federal government.

Public Service Commission of Prince Edward Island - job listings and information for provincial government positions; can subscribe to mailing list and receive job listings automatically through email.

The Riley Guide - a large resource of job seeking tools and job banks. See International Job Listings for Canadian information.



Consumer Information:
Consumer Connection - The office of Consumer Affairs Canada online. Includes information on laws and codes, recalls, scams, policy issues, complaining effectively, shopping online, etc.