When quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing, the source of information must be documented in a citation. Without citing a source, you are guilty of plagiarism. To understand plagiarism, here is a tutorial.
There are numerous citation standards and styles such as APA (American Psychological Association), MLA (Modern Language Association), and Chicago. It is important to use the most recent guide to these citation standards, as the citing standards for electronic information is still evolving. An online guide prepared by the Owens Library at Northwest Missouri State University, for various citation styles can be found online here.
Be sure to know if your professor has requested you use a specific style for citing, otherwise, choose one style to follow, and remain consistent throughout your work.
Below are a few citation resources and guides that may be of use:
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.)
APA style is most often used in the social sciences, and is useful for papers including statistics and tables.
REF: BF76.7.P83 2010 (Reference AND Information Desk); BF76.7.P83 2010 (Stacks)
APA Style Essentials (prepared by D. Degelman of Vanguard University of Southern California)
A concise guide to the APA style rules according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.), including a link to a properly cited article as an example.
Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.)
Allows for two different types of reference styles. Traditionally, those in literature, history, and arts use the Notes and Bibliography Style, while those in physical, natural, and social sciences use the Author-Date System.
REF: Z253.U69 2010 (also available at the Information Desk)
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers (8th ed.)
A great resource for scholarly writing requiring the Chicago style of citing. Take note that this resource reflects the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style (2010).
REF: LB2369.T8 2013 (Information Desk)
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.)
The preferred citation style in languages and literature, as well as other disciplines in the humanities field.
REF: LB2369.G53 2009 (also available at Information Desk)
MLA Formatting and Style Guide (from Purdue University Online Writing Lab)
Provides concise and easy-to-follow guidelines, with examples, for using the MLA style for citations. You can also find an APA guide on this website.
Note: is a reference management tool which you can use to create and format bibliographies and citations using various styles.
Created by: Betty Jeffery, B.A., MLS
Instruction & Education Services Librarian
Date Created: 27-May-2002
Date Revised: 08-October-2014