Citing Sources, Scientific Writing, and Poster Presentations: Biology

See also the UPEI Faculty of Science Writing Assistance Moodle.

When information is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized, the source of that information must be documented. Otherwise, you are guilty of plagiarism. See Straight Talk about Plagiarism from Bedford/St. Martin's.

Various standards have been created for citing sources in different disciplines such as CSE (Council of Science Editors, formerly the CBE, Council of Biology Editors), APA (American Psychological Association), and MLA (Modern Language Association). Please note that standards for citing electronic information are still evolving, and many print and electronic style guides may appear to be inconsistent in their instructions.

Your professor may have specified which format you should follow; if not, choose one style to follow, and use that style.

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th edition (2006)
This manual from the Council of Science Editors contains scientific publication style and format guidelines for journals, books, and other publications.
REF: QH304.C33 2006

University of Ohio Libraries - CSE (CBE) Citation Guide
Provides examples in Name-Year format, based on the CSE Manual above.

Note: RefWorks is a web-based citation management tool you can use to create and format bibliographies. Also formats citations in MS Word documents.

The following writing and poster guides may also be of interest:

Creating Effective Poster Presentations
by George Hess, Kathryn Tosney, and Leon Liegel, North Carolina State University.

Poster Presentations: Designing Effective Posters
List of resources for poster presentations compiled by Frederick Stoss, University at Buffalo Libraries.

Successful Scientific Writing: A Step-by-Step Guide for the Biological and Medical Sciences
This guides covers all stages of writing, from first to final draft, including literature searches, using the word processor efficiently, writing, revising, using tables and graphs, grammar and punctuation. Also contains a section on poster presentations.
R119.M28 2008

Writing and Presenting Scientific Papers
Topics include sections of a scientific paper, other types of scientific writing such as literature review, conference summary or abstract, literature searching, oral presentation and visual displays, and poster presentation.
Q223.M34 2004

Compiled by: Dawn Hooper, B.Sc., M.L.S.
Data & Research Services Librarian
Phone: (902) 566-0453
Date Revised: 12-August-2010

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